Oromo Music Video

Oromo people and the Land of Oromia

The Oromo are indigenous African people inhabiting the North Eastern part of Africa. Their country is called Oromia, which is currently under the domination of the Ethiopian colonial Empire. The Oromo are descendants of the Eastern-Kushitie group of people indigenous to the Horn of Africa, with a population of over 40 million, which makes them one of the largest indigenous peoples of East Africa. A map of the region showing Oromia within the current political boundaries of Ethiopia.

A Few Facts About Oromia

  • Oromia is the largest Regional State in the Ethiopian Empire State.
  • Oromia (also phonetically spelled as Oromiyaa)
  • Oromia has been occupied by Ethiopia (Abyssenia) for over 100 years
  • Size: 600,000 Square km (375,000 Square miles); Larger than Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, The Netherlands and France combined


  • The Oromo nation has a single common mother tongue, called the Oromo language or Afaan Oromoo or Oromiffa.
  • It is the third most-widely spoken language in Africa, after Hausa and Arabic.
  • Before colonization, the Oromo had used their own language in social, religious, educational, political, and legal activities.
  • The Oromo language has been neglected and suppressed by Ethiopian authorities. In an effort of destroying Oromo national identity, the language of a minority group, Amharic is used as the official or national language.


  • The population of oromo is over 40 million in Ethiopian.
  • 3rd largest single nationality group in Africa; single largest nationality in East Africa.
  • Capital: Finfinnee (also called Addis Ababa).
  • Religion: Christianity, Islam and Traditional Belief in God, Waaqaa


  • Mainly agriculture (coffee, several crops, spices, vegetables) and Animal Husbandry; Mining industry; Tourism trade; Medium and small-scale industries (textiles, refineries, meat packaging, etc)
  • Breadbasket of the Horn of Africa
  • Largest livestock holding in Africa
  • Forestry and wildlife reserves of the Horn
  • Minerals (gold, silver, platinum, uranium, marble, nickel and natural gas)


  • An independent loosely confederated nation before being colonized by the Ethiopian empire in the 1890s and still a nation in captivity
  • Practiced Gada Systen a democratic Leadership structure, which is similar to Grecian Polls
  • Locale of the 3.5 million year old Lucy


  • The Oromo culture is governed by an egalitarian Gada democratic system of administration.
  • Power to administer the affairs of the nation and the legislative power belongs to the people.
  • Respect for elders, women and children are the key components of Oromo Culture.
  • A culture of managing conflicts through arbitration/consensus. The hour has not come but it will come, perhaps our children will see the departure of the oppressors Rooba, 1975 voicing his faith in the future of Oromia


  • Conquered after bloody resistance between 1882- 1898, as the result of which the population of Oromo was reduced from 10 million to 5 million
  • In 1886 a smallpox epidemic (the first biological warfare used in the region) was used to frighten and weaken Oromo resistance
  • Currently thousands of Oromos languish in prison, Many have fled the country.
  • Deprived of their rich resources
  • Politically marginalized, tortured, and deprived of basic human rights.
  • Ongoing killings, extra judicial disappearances, imprisonment, segregation and injustice in the universities, colleges, and educational system
  • Struggling for Self Determination

Add a new Oromo word?


Oromo Dictionary on Facebook



Test your Knowledge


Oromo language pioneers

These great Oromo pioneers spent their life time developing and advocating the study of Afaan Oromo:

Sheik Bakri Saphalo
Mahdi Hamid Muudee
Tilahon Gamta
Dr. Sheik Mohammed Rashad
Dr. Haile Fida
Martin Moreno (Italian)
Ibsaa Guutama
Taammanaa Bitimaa
Liban Bultum
Onesimos Nasib
and many more ...

Involve in building the the Oromo Dictionary online!

Makmaaysa - Oromo Proverbs

Sa'aan gu'aan loonii mit,dhiirsaa niitiin walii'galle gaarii mati. Warri badaan walfaana badaa
Warri haftuu sagalii tumaa daakkii hin jerjeruu warri saree sagalii karra cufaa hin jerjeruu.
jabaateef tokko gogaa hin dhifuu.

xuuxxoon shantamni nama tokkoof ba'aa, nama shantamaaf,boona

areedoon gorsa hin feesisuu beekaa waliin falataa.

waliigalan malee alaa hin galan. waliin buluuf wal-bulchan. qobboon tuulamte arba dhoorgatte. dabuus ejersumaatu dongoraa. kashlabiin guusa hin taatuu. waywaatni du'a nama hin oolchu. ilmi dhiiraa gaafa dhalate du'e. murataan marqa baalarratti nyaata haat jeeynaa baaddu barbaada qabdii,duutu awwaala qabdi. afaan leenca citaan hin seenuu. ilmoon leenca buburree garaan jeeynaa hurruma.hadhaa dhugan garuma guutan hadaraa jedhaniif diinni nama hin dhiisuu. eeboon jeynaa jeeynummaa namaa hin taatu haati dhiiraa waaqaa. jeeyna jibbituus dubbiisaa jaalatta, dabeessaaf hin makkitu. kan dubartiin ergite du'a hin sodaatuu. sodaataan bishaan jannataa hin dhugne. fuulaa jenni itti du'e hogguu fiilti. garaan kuruphoo jabaa. dabeessatu lama bula.

Shakh Bakrii Saphaloo's work